On December 19,1918 in the village of Vosiyatskoye, Nikolaevskaya oblast, a strong first-born child was born to the peasants Grigory Danilovich and Efrosinya Nikiforovna Didenko... Born on the bright holiday of St. Nicholas’ Day – Nicholas the Wonder-Worker – the boy was named Nikolay, as per the calendar. Then four more children were born in that happy family. In search of better life the family moved to Donbass, the village of the Irmino-Popasninsky area where Nikolay, his brother and 3 sisters, growing up, one after another went to study to school.
But, having finished the 7th grade, Kolya got sick with the typhoid fever which took him out of school for half a year, and then he started his adult working life. Nikolay was working and trying to earn extra money anyhow and anywhere for four years, supporting his family, without losing his hope to continue his education, to become a highly professional expert who could be useful to society. And an opportunity presented itself: in 1938 together with his friend, a painter, having responded to a registration of military commissariat, he filed documents to join the Fleet. He was enlisted in Troop 142 at the Leningrad naval base of the Baltic fleet. By 1939 Nikolay Grigoryevich, already as the deputy political commissar, proudly wore a triangle on a lapel. And in 1940, having applied to the Kronstadt political naval college, he joined the cadets.
Studies began only in October and came to the end literally on the day of the attack of fascist Germany on the USSR, on June 22, 1941. The cadets were hurriedly given ranks and sent into the field of action. N. G. Didenko was directed to the peninsula Khanko as the political commissar of the 10th Aviation base.
The peninsula Hanko (Gangut in Russian) — the most southern part of continental Finland, located on the Gulf of Finland, a boot on a joint of the Gulf of Finland and Gulf of Bothnia, is surrounded by many small islands. After the end of the Finnish "winter" war the Soviet Union took the peninsula of Hanko in a long-term rent from the Finns in March, 1940. Hung over the Gulf, the peninsula Hanko had strategically advantageous position and played an important role as an outpost on the distant approaches to Leningrad.
200 years ago Peter I with the getting stronger Russian fleet won a victory over the Swedish squadron here. This historical event inspired the Soviet fighters, and the hung everywhere posters “We will turn the peninsula Hanko into unapproachable Soviet Gibraltar!” called for the continuation of Peter the Great victories.