A marriage of love in time of war

     In 2 months as the political commissar of an intercommunication troop which served the 7th Guards assault aviation regiment, he appeared on the Oranienbaum base. It is an area on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, the small Earth which was cut off by a double ring of blockade from their blood forces. When on September 10, 1941 by order of Stalin general G. K. Zhukov replaced marshal K.E. Voroshilov on the post of the commander of the Leningrad front, the first thing he did, he got on the highest point of the Oranienbaum coast of the gulf to examine dispositions. And he understood everything: it was very important not to allow the enemy to take it, because from those heights it was possible to shoot from artillery pieces over open sights not only Kronstadt but also Leningrad. Because that would mean to open a direct way to Moscow for the enemy. Then G. K. Zhukov at the military council declared: “This settlement can't be handed over under any circumstances!” - and he sharply pointed at the map, having designated the Oranienbaum base as one of the most outstanding operations during the Great Patriotic War!

The base held out for 28 months. During that time Nikolay Didenko was elected the secretary of Komsomol and then party organization once of the 57th assault aviation regiment which had been renamed for progress in defense into the 7th Guards assault aviation regiment by then, was awarded by the Order of Ushakov of the 2nd degree, and then for participation in liberation of Estonia and its capital Tallinn received the name Tallinnskiy. The Double Hero of the Soviet Union Alexey Efimovich Mazurenko was in a command of a regiment. During the war he made 315 fighting departures. He personally by himself sank 11 ships and 20 with a group. 11 fighters from the 7th Guards assault aviation regiment became the Heroes of the Soviet Union. And among them, the only woman-pilot in the Order of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet Air Force Lidiya Ivanovna Shuleykina.

The ideological heads of the party and Komsomol organizations lifted the fighting spirit on the fronts. The motto which became a war-call – “Communists, onward!” often wasn't necessary even to say out loud – it was in the soul of each fighter.

The Oranienbaum base — the patch is 65 kilometers to the front and 25 kilometers deep into - was kept by incredible efforts: in 1941, at first by efforts of the 8th army in common with the 2nd and 5th crews of marines with assistance of the coastal and ship artilleries of the Baltic fleet. On September 7, 1941 they managed to stop the attack of the German troops at Kernovo, Lubanovo, Terentyevo, Gorlovo, Porzolovo, Peterhof … But the attempts of the 8th and 42nd armies to restore through service with Leningrad in Strelninsko- Peterhof operation, unfortunately, failed. In November, 1941 on the basis of the 19th infantry corps the Coastal task force of the front was created with the commander Major-General Astanin. The Oranienbaum base kept prior to approach and connection of the Soviet troops in the middle of January, 1944. Thanks to the Oranienbaum base, control over part of the water area of the Gulf of Finland, adjacent to Leningrad was kept, they also managed to save the historical heritage of the district and create tension at the back of the Germans, not allowing them to shoot from heights of the base at Leningrad and Kronstadt, and that meant - not to allow them to set army to Moscow. The operation “Neva-2”, or “January thunder”, which put an end to the Siege of Leningrad, began with the Oranienbaum patch. It is not for nothing this heroic object was awarded a high rank “The city of military glory”. And in 1965-68 at the boundaries of fight for Leningrad in 1941-1944 the Green belt of Glory - a complex of memorial constructions for perpetuation of memory of its heroic defenders - was created. Two hundred kilometers of spatial composition runs from the Road of Life along the former front line. The Oranienbaum base occupies 60 kilometers of a memorial. Mikhail Aleksandrovich Dudin was the initiator of creation of a remarkable memorial. This was the same Misha Dudin, whom Nikolay Ivanovich had met in the editor’s office of the “Red Gangut” on the peninsula of Hanko so often. Front roads and ways... Every time, visiting these places, Nikolay Grigoryevich remembers the friends, passed away and survived, grieves and feels sorry for these people dear to heart pass away at peace. But life itself goes on.

On airfield basing after the Oranienbaum base the regiment passed Kaporye, Kotly, Pärnu, Ezel, Riga, rescuing civilians from fascists. And further - Elbin, Marienburg, Kolberg... It was Kolberg where the well-known meeting of our hero with the friend, the love, the wife ZoyaGaleevna Galeeva happened.


Международный журнал культурной и деловой жизни "Золотая площадь" пргиглашает к сотрудничеству компании и частных лиц. Вы можете размещать рекламу на страницах печатного издания и в электронной версии журнала в виде рекламных материалов, баннеров, видеороликов, по лучшим ценам и на лучших условиях.


О нас

«Золотая площадь». Международный журнал культурной и деловой жизни.
The Golden Plaza. International Magazine of Culture and Business.
Свидетельство о регистрации средств массовой информации:
Москва, Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор), Эл № ФС77-49585 от 24 апреля 2012 г.
Учредитель: Индивидуальный предприниматель Эркенов Рашид Адамович.
Главный редактор журнала «Золотая площадь» Аппаев Билял Добаевич.
Издатель: индивидуальный предприниматель Эркенов Рашид Адамович. Адрес издателя: 369380, КЧР, Малокарачаевский район, с. Учкекен, ул. Ленина, 89а.



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