Tourist «mecca» tourism potential, cultural heritage and sport achievements of the republic of karachay-cherkessia
Karachay‑Cherkess Republic is considered as one of the oldest regions of Russia on the development of tourism and is a kind of «Mecca» for tourists. Convenient geographical location, transport infrastructure, abundant natural and other tourist resources, densely populated foothills and hospitality of the local population make Karachay‑Cherkessia one of the most interesting places for tourists.
A trip to our wonderful mountain region can turn into an interesting fairytale journey full of comfort, fun and magic.
Not by chance our region is called «mountain», as most of the republic’s territory is occupied by mountains (about 80%). The frontal ranges of the Greater Caucasus stretch in the northern part. To the south from the headwaters of Small Laba Dividing and Lateral ridges of the Greater Caucasus stretch reaching a height of 4,000 meters. The highest peak in Europe — Elbrus — is on the border with Kabardino-Balkaria.
The geography of the republic is very diverse. The heights, from 400 to 5642 meters above sea level, caused the formation of different climatic zones, which in turn determined the emergence of a wide variety of flora and fauna.
The nature here is rich and unique, it has more than 2,000 species of wild plants. Magnificent mountain forests cover the slopes. The longboled mighty beeches in several girths, slender majestic fir, beech, ash and maple prevail here. A relict yew older than thousands of years — once famous tree with dark noble wood — sometimes can be found. Here you will find wet spruce-fir forests with special pontic spruce, thickets of mountain maple, birch, ash, many shrubs — hazel, honey-suckle, azalea, barberry, rose hips, spindle tree. Glades juniper have lots of berries such as raspberries, currants, wild gooseberries, blueberries, cranberries and strawberries.
The subalpine meadows with grass reaching up to two meters in height and short grass alpine meadows are the kingdom of flowers. There are many hundreds of species here. They are different and are not similar to each other. The alpine gentian flower presents variations from cerulean blue and ultramarine to pale lilac, white and pink. Some species have been known since ancient times and have come from afar while others were born and survived only here. Among the plants many are true «Caucasians». These include rhododendron which is one of the symbols of our land, creeping shrub with glossy leaves and sturdy lush large inflorescence with subtle hints of delicate wet petals.